Forms of participation

Formal forms of participation (fixed in legislation and organised by state or local government institutions):

  • pupils or students’ self-government
  • youth council
  • advisory council/commission
  • youth forum
  • structured dialogue
  • participation at election and referendums
  • volunteer work
  • participation at politicians’ sessions
  • participation in non-governmental organisations (for example, a youth organisation)

Non-formal forms of participation (informal dialogue with decision-makers and society):

  • informal meetings with politicians (for example, “Coffee with politicians”)
  • using photo, video, theatre and other creative methods to express attitudes
  • expressing attitudes with the help of social media
  • public activities and campaigns

Source: a handbook for promoters of children and youth participation “We have something to say”,